12/09/20 Rep. Earl Blumenauer

Century of Lies
Earl Blumenauer
US House

The House of Representatives approved HR 3884, the Marijuana Opportunity, Reinvestment, and Expungement Act of 2019, we hear from one of the sponsors, Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR); the Commission on Narcotic Drugs changed the international scheduling of marijuana, we hear from Dr. Gilles Forte of the World Health Organization and from representatives of the US and Canadian delegations; the Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission delivered its report to Congress, we hear from Commission Chair Shannon O’Neil, PhD, former Ambassador Cliff Sobel, and Commission Executive Director Mary Speck, PhD.

Audio file

08/12/18 Earl Blumenauer

Century of Lies
Earl Blumenauer

This week on Century: more exclusive coverage of Congressman Earl Blumenauer's community forum on ending the war on drugs, which was held in Portland, Oregon on August First, including audio from Portland Police Bureau Deputy Chief Robert Day and Congressman Blumenauer.

Audio file



AUGUST 12, 2018

DEAN BECKER: The failure of drug war is glaringly obvious to judges, cops, wardens, prosecutors, and millions more now calling for decriminalization, legalization, the end of prohibition. Let us investigate the Century Of Lies.

DOUG MCVAY: Welcome to Century Of Lies. I'm your host Doug McVay, editor of

Last week, we brought you part one of a public community forum that was organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer on the topic of ending the war on drugs. That forum was held August First in Portland, Oregon.

Today, we're continuing with part two of that coverage. Our first speaker is Portland Police Bureau's Deputy Chief Robert Day.

PPB DEPUTY POLICE CHIEF ROBERT DAY: ... in point, it doesn't make any sense, but then of course, I'm not landing there in terms of the human cost that occurs, and the harm that we know of for people entering and processing through the criminal justice system.

Now, I say that, I want to be clear, I'm unapologetically proud to be a police officer, to be a Portland police officer, and to have served in this profession for nearly three decades, and the work that the men and women of the police bureau do, I'm also exceptionally proud of.

In 2017, we responded to almost 375,000 calls for service. About 45 percent of those calls would fall in the category of what we're talking about tonight, in terms of, we call the disorders, so, an unwanted person, suspicious behavior, things of that nature. For example, this morning as I was coming to work, we sent two officers to a call downtown here off of Main Street of a man sleeping on the sidewalk with his feet standing out into traffic -- out into traffic.

Or the call yesterday of the man throwing knives at the tree over on the Springwater Corridor by Station 21, underneath the Hawthorne Bridge. You know, I -- what I don't want to understate is that the scope of this challenge is really significant. You know, our officers are responding to literally thousands and thousands of calls a month, around behavior associated with, once again, the discussion we're having, and I'm not embarrassed or afraid to say that's not a police problem.

But, we are the best social outreach worker going, because 24 hours a day, seven days a week, you can call somebody and the police will answer the phone. So we have become that default. And one of my criticisms would be, although I'm absolutely passionate about diversion, and I'm absolutely passionate about looking for other options, for this specific population we're talking about, is the system has changed behind the police but hasn't changed on the front end.

We still call the police for these problems, and so the police have given -- been given very few options. LEAD is an example of an option, but really at the end of the day, when it's two o'clock in the morning, and we're standing there with the individual who's, you know, for whatever reason, maybe broken out a window or defecated in the doorway of a business, and the business owner is standing there and we're faced with what are our options, what are our choices.

We know that, you know, a 48th arrest is not going to make the difference here. We get it. But it's two thirty in the morning. There are not a whole lot of people that are picking up the phone to come and intercede and create other options. And one way to resolve that situation, frankly, is to go to jail.

And that brings a resolution for the moment, for the time, but it's equally frustrating, this isn't an excuse, I'm not making an excuse, but it's equally frustrating for the police officer who's writing that report and sees the person walk out of jail an hour and a half later, knowing that really we didn't solve anything, we didn't resolve anything, in fact we've just created more cumbersome work in the process.

Out of that 375,000 calls for service, Portland police made less than five percent arrests in those calls. So, you know, that's not an arrest-first mentality that we're talking about. But there is a role for law enforcement, I say all that, there is a role for law enforcement. There is a role for public safety in this conversation.

I appreciate the Congressman's leadership, and the conversation being led to less about, somebody said it better than I do, but, you know, less about the addiction or the health issue we're talking about. But there still is a crime, public safety nexus that we do have to be concerned about.

And people are calling us a lot, on a regular basis, about these challenges, and so, my encouragement is that we not only are focusing on the criminal justice system, but I think we're missing the mark with the police. We're looking at less jails, you're not going to get an argument out of me about less jails, less jail space, less diversion opportunities, less addiction recovery.

The Police Bureau has programs, we spend out of the Police Bureau budget millions of dollars around the service coordination team. We have officers dedicated to LEAD. I created a two person homeless outreach team in Central Precinct, two police officers who spend their entire day doing homeless outreach work. They had 125 people in Central Precinct get into housing in the past year, according to Cascadia Behavioral Health over 75 percent of them are still in housing.

We have partnerships all across the city, with many, many outreach providers, and have a service-first attitude around these behavior problems that we get called to. You know, a person standing on the street corner screaming in downtown, it's not illegal to stand on a street corner and scream downtown, yet we have to send two officers there because of the way that the system's designed.

And they get there, now they're faced with, you know, people upset about this, but behavior that's not necessarily illegal, we run into many, many, many of these. And another point the Congressman made, if we can get a handle on some of this, you know, I shudder to say we either need less police or maybe the police could be focusing on some of the more significant public safety challenges of the day.

So you're not going to get an argument out of me tonight in terms of whether or not we should be going to the -- whether or not, you know, this is where the arena the police are in -- should be in. I don't think they are, but the reality is, we are.

And, as a structure, as a system, you know, I'm open to suggestions, an idea about how the police can get out of that, out of that business, out of that conversation. And, you know, I look forward to your input, I'm encouraged by the turn-out.

I'm going to share -- this is a risk, but I'm going to share, on a personal note, Congressman, I want to thank you for your advocacy. It was two years ago this month that we lost our son to Ewing sarcoma, he was fifteen years old. It's a horrible cancer that he fought bravely for six years.

We went all over this country seeking treatment, some of the best doctors in America, in Houston and Dallas and of course Doernbecher's, et cetera. Late into his battle, in 2016, my lovely bride, who was a passionate advocate for our boy, finally had the courage to come to me and tell me she'd been thinking about medical marijuana as an option for Sam.

And I couldn't help but be stunned at the irony, that twenty-some odd years of law enforcement, and now my bride is standing in front of me saying I think this is an option for our son. And, how tirelessly she worked to research, to understand, and really was forced to go out of state and speak with people in California and other places that were more progressive, along this conversation.

And, I'm thinking, the irony here is amazing. Right? I mean, I actually, you know, met with the city attorney, like, can I even do this, can we even have this conversation? She's talking about, you know, going to California, bringing drugs up, I'm like, that is way across the line.

But, you know, she figured it out, and we went through the system, and her and Sam got a medical marijuana card, and, you know, we had all these ATM debit purchases around the city, where, you know, a hundred dollars here, a hundred and twenty. She learned the system, she learned how to have the conversation. I am losing my mind at the same time. It doesn't make any difference, because I'm faced with this stark reality.

Unfortunately, you know, because of dosage requirements, I mean, we did use -- we did use cannabis in, you know, the final stages of Sam's -- in Sam's treatment. But I am a firm believer that, in my lifetime, I hope that we move forward and see the benefit of that for our patients today.

I think that because of the treatment, of the attitude towards that, towards cannabis, over the many, many years in this country, we are behind. And, you know, to this day, we have very few regrets, other than losing our son, of course, but one of the regrets is we didn't maybe start in that conversation earlier, that we -- we explored diet, and once again we saw great physicians all over, the naturopaths, et cetera et cetera, but that's an area where we believe -- we wish we would have started earlier. And, maybe had created more hope and more opportunity.

And we also wish that, in spite of our phenomenal medical system and the amazing support we had, that there would have been more medical professionals willing to step up and say, hey, this is something maybe you should have thought about at an earlier time. So thank you for your advocacy in that, and, you know, you're going to have a supporter in me down the road if -- if you want to have that conversation on a broader scale. So thank you.

DOUG MCVAY: That was Portland Police Bureau Deputy Chief Robert Day, speaking at a public forum organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer on August First. The topic was ending the war on drugs. And, folks, apologies for audio quality issues, the venue itself had problems with its sound system, there was problems with proper electrics. The content, I hope you think it's worth it. Thank you for putting up with it.

You are listening to Century of Lies. I'm your host Doug McVay, editor of

I got a chance to ask Chief Day a couple of quick questions at the end of that forum. Here's that audio.

The question I guess is, now, LEAD, Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion. Excellent -- it's an excellent program, but currently there are only 15 officers who are actually part of LEAD, at least according to Central City Concern's Karen Kern, in fact I talked to Karen and Deborah Kafouri just a few weeks ago about it. How can we get more officers involved in the -- in that program, what can we do to convince those people at city hall and the rest of -- and the public, for that matter, to support expanding that program?

DEPUTY POLICE CHIEF ROBERT DAY: Right. It really is just a capacity issue, you know, it's about resource allocation, and so, you know, LEAD, we've been doing it now for a year or two, I can't remember exactly, maybe two years, and so, what I want to do is go back, look at the numbers and the results, and then, you know, if we can show that it's having that impact that we believe it is, then I think there's an opportunity for expansion, you know, outside of the downtown core.

It's really primarily been folks downtown and a little bit over in Northeast, so the idea of trying to take that broader? It is also a little bit challenging because, although the populations are the same, you know, the encounters can be different in, like east county versus Old Town, or something like that.

So, in the downtown core, for example, we have officers that are -- it's easier to get around, and they're kind of more concentrated. You start getting out in the east county, you start getting into Northeast and Saint John's, it's more spread out. So that's also a challenge in terms of, you know, getting -- getting the right amount of people in place to be able to address it and still take calls for service.

But, I'm certainly open to that conversation.

DOUG MCVAY: And as I was talking with Chair Kafoury, it's not just a culture change within law enforcement, to look at arrests as a last resort. It's also about the changing the culture of our neighbors out there, who seem to want to call police, call 911, whenever they -- whenever someone offends them by their presence, you know, the -- handle it, handle it, you know, and it's just -- how on earth do we change some of the attitudes of people here, to stop relying on law enforcement for just dealing with people who are offending them by their very presence? I mean it's ....

DEPUTY POLICE CHIEF ROBERT DAY: Well, we have to continue doing an education campaign, you know, and really, make people aware of other resources that are available to them. I'm never going to fault somebody for calling 911, I understand the frustration, I understand the difficulty that they're faced with, and, but I think if we can do a better job of educating and, you know, both from the law enforcement perspective but also as a community-wide effort to try and make sure people know that doesn't have to be your first call.

And then, you know, challenging our civic leaders, both in the county and the city and the state, to provide those resources so they do have options other than us.

DOUG MCVAY: Chief Day, thank you so much.

DEPUTY POLICE CHIEF ROBERT DAY: You bet. Good luck to you. Take care, thank you very much.

DOUG MCVAY: Thank you, sir.

We're listening to audio from a community forum that was held August First in Portland, Oregon. The topic was 'Ending the War on Drugs.' The forum was organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer.

There was time for members of the public to ask questions after the panelists had spoken. Let's listen in on one.

HAVEN WHEELOCK: Hello. I'm Haven Wheelock, and I have had the honor and privilege of working with people who actively inject drugs, including methamphetamine and heroin, for the last 16 years. And I will honestly say, I'm going to echo what I've heard from this panel that we have seen a lot of shift in how we talk about drugs and how we talk about drug users.

My concern is, is that we're not seeing a shift in how we fund services for people who are using drugs, and how we fund services for access to medications, and I think, I just had the wonderful privilege of going to Vancouver, BC, and getting to tour some of their drug user services in BC -- sorry, I'm going to cry.

And it was just really enlightening how they took on this really holistic four-pillar approach that involved equally funding prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and enforcement. And really prioritized all four of those things, in equal fashion, to save lives.

And we're currently dealing with a crisis like we've never seen. I personally lost eight people I knew in July. Just, not all overdose, but drug related illness, and I'm wondering how we can dare, how do we move from talking about just treatment or just prevention, or just enforcement, and how do we really engage this idea that people are using drugs in our community and we don't want them to die? That's all.


RACHEL SOLOTAROFF, MD: First of all, thank you, Haven, because I've watched you sort of carry this torch in many ways, and in many states, and in many forums, and now at a national and international level, so you're a huge asset to our community and I really appreciate all the work that you do.

I'll give my typical sort of, now that an administrator, my administrative wonky answer, which is, again, we can't -- it's not one size fits all, and it's not a separate solution for everybody else, and I think in many places, whether it's treatment or housing or we -- we fund it in silos, and we support it in silos, and we lose the opportunity, and I think this comes from the feds to the state to our local government, we lose the opportunity to say, how do our -- how -- not all people who use drugs are the same, and they're not all different. How do they hang together in different types of groups and communities, that then we can deeply understand and bear resources upon?

Because, you're -- you know, a pregnant woman with opioid use disorder who's using heroin and wants to get her kid out of foster care needs a different set of services and law enforcement and support than, you know, somebody who is 60 years old that has cirrhosis from alcohol use disorder and just doesn't want to live in the hospital or on the street.

So, I think it's incumbent on us to be deeply curious, and relentless, in understanding who different groups who people are, and then how we align, and leverage, the scarce resources that we have to not only help that person, but to produce a kind of, this, sort of a global, humanistic return on investment, in terms of people staying alive, less incarceration costs, less unnecessary healthcare costs.

So I know that's wonky, but, I think we tend to, as you're saying, drive towards these different siloed solutions, and I deeply believe that the answer is at the level of the community.

SHANNON WRIGHT: I just want to add, because then we're going to have to take one quick question and let Congressman Blumenauer wrap up, but, one really practical thing, as someone who's been trying to do reform for at least a quarter century now, is take lawmakers, let's get lawmakers like Congressman Blumenauer, our federal lawmakers and our state lawmakers, up to see that, because it is hard to have a vision.

I'm guessing you cried for that, because, the same way I saw the Missouri juvenile justice system, you couldn't believe it was possible, and how transformative it would be, and I think we have to get our decisionmakers, also our police officers, our case workers, to see what's possible, because it's hard to imagine sometimes.

So let's take one more quick question, quick, and then we'll let --

BOBBIN SINGH: Could I just ... ?


BOBBIN SINGH: I just wanted to follow up. I really appreciate your question, and I do think, like, figuring out the next steps is the challenge, but there's two things going on, which as Shannon said, is that all this is, we created it. It's all manmade. We created it. We can imagine something different very easily.

So, I think now is the time to be bold, you know, and put out every idea that you have, engage with lawmakers, engage with law enforcement, engage with social service providers. Get them to see examples of how things can be different. Because it can be, this is not how it has to be.

But, just to push back on your comment as far as that we have made progress in the language, and how we talk about drug use, like, you know, in the field that I work in, and primarily with people who are intersecting with the criminal justice system, most of the policies are driven by fear and hysteria, and the combination of the politics of fear and anger.

And -- and the language which we use to describe people in this country right now, in this state, and how we're -- the level of dehumanization that's occurring, it's a real thing, and that does not allow us to actually take those next steps. So I think we're still at that initial conversation about how to talk about this, how to talk about the folks that are -- that are being impacted by this war on drugs, as our neighbors, as our community members, as individuals that we need to take care of.

So, I think we're still there, and when I see the -- all the policies and the decision making largely sort of push the criminal justice system, how they're so disconnected from science and research and evidence based practices, and how it's all based on fear and hysteria and just, you know, locking people up because we just don't like them, or we should be scared of them, or something like that, it's phenomenal, and I think it's a battle that we're still in the middle of.

And so, please keep pushing on the language thing and the values thing.

DAVE: Hi, my name is Dave. I've been working in the community justice field for 21 years here, and I think we definitely need to do some bold and progressive things that we're not doing.

I'm very familiar with the LEAD program. Like Chief, Deputy Day, said, you are the front line. I would rather not see you as the front line. I think we need to make -- we as a community need to expect more from our community and expect other people, like Project Respond, and put more funding into mental health so we can have mental health do the work instead of police.

When we see a report from earlier in the summer from the Oregon -- Oregonian, saying that one out of every two police arrests from Portland police is homeless, I think that's unacceptable. I think we've spent an hour and a half here, and we have not talked about the most powerful person in the entire criminal justice system, and that person's not here. That's Rod Underhill from the [Multnomah County] District Attorney's Office.

There needs to be some changes on the front line, and changes on what we decide to convict or not.

DOUG MCVAY: This public forum on ending the war on drugs was organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer, it's only right that we give Earl the last words.

CONGRESSMAN EARL BLUEMANUER: And thank you all for being here. I appreciate the passion, and the range of things people are involved with.

This is an area where part of it is reflecting priorities in our community. We need to do a better of reflecting these issues and concerns as priorities. But, is the energy that's moving forward in terms of ballot measures that are out there, we've got a housing one coming up. We have lots of other initiatives that people throw out, that really don't speak to this fundamental disconnect.

And I think it -- it needs to be more deeply embedded as a priority for business, for individuals, for churches. I mean, people, I think, are aware, but I don't think it's been translated into action.

And one other area that I -- I don't want to go all wonky on you, but, one of the things I've attempted to do, repeatedly, in sessions for the last five years, is to understand the costs of failure.

How much police resources are caught up with things that you really aren't equipped to be able to deal with meaningfully? Other than just quiet the disturbance and hope that does it. We still are having people in emergency rooms who can't be treated, but we just don't have any other place for them. How much does it cost OHSU [Oregon Health Sciences University] to deal with the dysfunction that you're talking about in terms of people who have substance abuse, or housing, have inadequate health?

The cost of failure follows us. And it is something that I, personally, have been attempting to get people to quantify. What does it cost Multnomah County to be prosecuting lower level drug offenses that are not probably going to change behaviors, and get in the way of other criminal justice activities?

I think that this is an area we really need to insist on better accountability, of what does it cost the school district, because there isn't appropriate family support, and just like law enforcement, teachers end up being social workers, mental health counselors, dealing with health, substituting for parents.

And, it's no wonder that maybe they're trying to have a disruptive student moved out, because they're at the end of their rope with 35 students. And, it seems to me that if we do a better job of being able to identify and segregate the costs of failure, I think we'll be able to do a better job of re-allocating on the front lines, be able to have the peer counselors that you want, be able to have a mental health professional on-site, be able to have some counseling support in schools for teachers that are spun out, have people who can help parents who are unable to cope with a kid out of control.

I mean, I don't mean to rationalize this, but I just think that the context of what people are facing with now is so much more complex, and heated, and in an age of Twitter, and really nasty, vile communication, and politics that are -- make you feel like you want to take a shower, this is -- this compounds.

The high school that I went to in east Portland, when I went there a thousand years ago there were five minorities. Now, I'm not talking about black, and Hispanic, I'm talking about five minorities. Two African Americans, one Hispanic, and two Asians. And now there are 57 countries of origin that they're trying to deal with.

So, I mean, I -- it's breathtaking, in terms of some of the complexities that are reflected in our community. People that are coming, people who feel under threat. But I hope, A, that we're able to provide some context. We think about it, and we try and push some of our priorities. And I hope that there's a sense of accountability to identify the costs of failure, and see if we can't segregate and redirect.

If we can save money for Kaiser and OHSU and the police department and the school district, to be able to invest in that front line activity, for housing and treatment, I think that's part of the solution, because I'll go to my grave thinking that we're wasting money on failure that could largely help, if we were able to direct it properly, to help prevent death.

But, thank you for caring, thank you for braving the traffic and the heat. We appreciate your observations. If you want to share with us thoughts, you know, I know, Doctor, you will, I've got two of your letters on my desk. We welcome further thoughts and observations you would share with us. Thank you very much.

DOUG MCVAY: That Earl Blumenauer, wrapping up a public forum on ending the war on drugs, which he organized and held in Portland, Oregon, on August First. And that's all the time we have this week. I want to thank you for joining us. You have been listening to Century of Lies. We're a production of the Drug Truth Network for the Pacifica Foundation Radio Network, on the web at I’m your host Doug McVay, editor of

The executive producer of the Drug Truth Network is Dean Becker. Drug Truth Network programs are available via podcast, the URLs to subscribe are on the network home page at

The Drug Truth Network is on Facebook, please give its page a like. Drug War Facts is on Facebook too, give its page a like and share it with friends. Remember: Knowledge is power. Follow me on Twitter, I'm @DougMcVay and of course also @DrugPolicyFacts.

We'll be back next week with thirty more minutes of news and information about drug policy reform and the drug war. For now, for the Drug Truth Network, this is Doug McVay saying so long. So long!

For the Drug Truth Network, this is Doug McVay asking you to examine our policy of drug prohibition: the century of lies. Drug Truth Network programs archived at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy.

08/05/18 Earl Blumenauer

Century of Lies
Earl Blumenauer

This week on Century, exclusive audio from Congressman Earl Blumenauer's community forum on ending the war on drugs, which was held in Portland, Oregon on August First. Speakers on this show include Congressman Blumenauer and Bobbin Singh, executive director of the Oregon Justice Resource Center. We'll have more from this forum on next week's show.

Audio file



AUGUST 5, 2018

DEAN BECKER: The failure of drug war is glaringly obvious to judges, cops, wardens, prosecutors, and millions more now calling for decriminalization, legalization, the end of prohibition. Let us investigate the Century Of Lies.

DOUG MCVAY: Welcome to Century Of Lies. I'm your host Doug McVay, editor of

On August First, Congressman Earl Blumenauer held a public forum on ending the war on drugs. No other media were in attendance, I was it. No online, no print, no radio, no TV, just little old me. So, let's get straight to it, shall we? First off, here's Congressman Blumenauer, opening the panel.

CONGRESSMAN EARL BLUMENAUER: As Shannon mentioned, I've been spending a lot of time dealing with various aspects of what I feel is a failed war on drugs. Some of you may be familiar with the work we've been doing dealing in the marijuana space. Actually, I was in the Oregon legislature when Oregon became the first state to decriminalize marijuana, before almost anybody here except Bob was born. And I've been deeply concerned for a long time that we've been on the wrong path.

It's been interesting that of late, in the last 21 years, we've taken a different course, where we have seen states move forward to legalize first medical marijuana, and notice it was the states that did that. Not the federal government. It was people who decided, advocates, decided that the access to medical marijuana should be uniform, should be legal, at least on a state level.

We have watched subsequently where the next phase of legalization of adult use started in 2012, with Colorado and the state of Washington. We followed two years later with our own initiative in 2014. Now we've got nine states that have adult use, we have 31 states where it's medical marijuana, and in fact, there are a number of other states that have a modified medical marijuana, so over 97 percent of the American public has access to some form of medical marijuana.

And I think that's been encouraging for me, because we're having a much broader national conversation, driven primarily at the grassroots level, but we're making some progress in Congress. We have a Cannabis Caucus, we have over forty pieces of legislation that are being pursued.

We've been able to make some progress dealing with legalization of hemp, which, when you think about it, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington are probably spinning in their graves to know that a product that they grew on their plantations is illegal. Well, the products aren't illegal, it just has to be imported from Canada or someplace else. It's really stupid. But we're making some progress there.

I've been in encouraged that we're watching broader awareness, the evolution of a legal cannabis industry. Canada, last month, legalized nationally, and that goes live in October, for adult use. I'm even hearing from people in Mexico that they're -- the new administration there is looking at legalizing cannabis. We can foresee a North American cannabis market in the not too distant future.

There's also, I think, real excitement around the work that is being done in terms of the applications, of the therapeutic uses of cannabis. The research is really taking hold, moving rather rapidly. It would more rapidly if the federal government didn't make it essentially illegal to research cannabis in this country. The real cutting edge stuff is taking place for example in Israel, or in Great Britain. We see more in Canada.

I'm hopeful, and we again have bipartisan legislation that would change that, so that we can go forward to be able to understand what the therapeutic aspects are, to be able to know what people are buying, because right now we don't have the standards that we have in terms of the pharmaceutical industry, that's looking at this very nervously, and maybe they should.

We've been working to try and make sure that the Veterans Administration can work with American veterans dealing with aspects of medical marijuana in their lives. I've been working on this for years, and I will tell you, some of the most striking and touching stories I have heard are from veterans and their families about how access to medical marijuana saved their lives, transformed their existence. Dealing with chronic pain, PTSD, or other neurological disorders that cannabis helps.

I've had, in fact, one -- I had one session at a VA facility where we were talking about some of the challenges with the VA, and I couldn't let the -- let it pass without my indicating that I hope we would be able to change a stupid regulation so that VA doctors can talk to veterans in communities where medical marijuana was legal, that their doctor could talk to them.

And as I walked out, I had one of the staff come up to me and kind of take me aside and say that she's really glad that I mentioned that, because she's a VA employee and she couldn't, she says, get through the day without the use of her medical marijuana.

And you think for a moment about some of the challenges in our health care system. If we are able to have broader application, continue the research, enable it to be part of the health care system that the federal government is a part of, how much money could be saved having access for people on Medicare, Medicaid, VA, on a less addictive, more effective alternative for many people, that is medical marijuana, as opposed to opioids.

We're losing a hundred people a day, overdose deaths, to opioids. And, isn't it interesting that in the states that have medical marijuana, there are far fewer opioid deaths. It gives people an alternative that is safe, cheap, and effective.

I don't want to think that it's all a panacea, we've got work to do, we've got public education, we have research, but I think that progress that we are making here for me is very encouraging.

But, legalizing, researching, is just kind of the tip of the iceberg, because it's opened for me a whole array of issues that need to be addressed. We have spent over a trillion dollars since Nixon launched his war on drugs, which was really a war on hippies and black people, for political purposes. I mean, the tapes reveal this.

It wasn't based on research and compassion and god knows not respect for the law. It was deemed to be a political expedience. In fact, Nixon refused to accept the recommendation of his own blue ribbon panel, chaired by the [Republican former] governor of Pennsylvania and a bunch of blue ribbon experts that said no, we ought to go towards decriminalization. We ought to be able to open this up. We shouldn't have a heavy-handed prohibition law enforcement approach. It was not to be.

And it got ramped up with the Reagan "just say no." We spent massive amounts of money trying to disrupt the drug trade in Latin America, particularly Central America. Not very effectively. Drugs today are more readily available than when we started, and they're cheaper, and it's kind of interesting we can't even keep them out of our prisons.

And part of what we are seeing with unaccompanied minors and families fleeing the violence in Central America is the consequence of this drug war down there spinning out of control, and our inability to control the flow of illegal drugs in this country destabilizes south of the border with all sorts of unfortunate consequences.

And part of what we saw here over the course of the war on drugs was a decision that we were going to try and deal with a draconian effort at prohibition and ever stronger sanctions. Three strikes and you're out. Extraordinarily punitive sentences clogging prisons, some of them private prisons, with people with long sentences with -- serving no purpose.

And we're slowly, I think, getting to the point where the realization is coming that there is in fact a better way. We're watching other countries move forward with decriminalization. Portugal comes to mind. There are better approaches than putting people in jail, especially many people who are actually sick. They're addicted.

We've criminalized the addiction, not providing help, and ironically it is the low level addict that is the essential distribution system for the drug cartels, and if we catch the low level addict, who's the street dealer, we put them in jail for longer periods of time, making them virtually unemployable when they come out, allowing them to become much better drug dealers while they're in.

And, I don't mean to be glib, but, it does trouble me that we're wasting huge sums of money and we have concentrated the force of this war on drugs on a relatively small portion of the population.

It's not white kids in the suburbs, unless they do something stupid. It's young people of color, particularly African Americans, who've been arrested and incarcerated at a wildly disproportionate rate. And it has, I think, destroyed the lives of a million young black men.

And it -- and so it goes.

But I am encouraged that people are understanding. I am encouraged that we're seeing reform rather than prohibition. I'm encouraged that citizens have taken it in their own hands. We're going to have four more states that are going to vote on it this fall, I plan on spending a little time there with those efforts.

But I've been -- I'm also encouraged how the coalition is growing for different approaches to treatment, different approaches to law enforcement. Shannon spent the first part of her long career, as for such a young person, dealing with juvenile justice in Louisiana, where there was ample opportunity for reform. But she was able to see progress there.

Looking at failure, looking at opportunities to do it better. More recently, Louisiana, I'm encouraged with what they have done reducing sentences for people in prison, and taking a substantial amount of the savings that they've realized and investing it in the prisoners, as they're released, so that they stay out, that they get the support, the education, the health, the job training, to be successful. What an amazing concept.

And, I'll just conclude by saying that I am excited about the prospect of our using savings from the system and revenues that we can gain from legalizing, regulating, and taxing. We've started that in Oregon, we've raised tens of millions of dollars for education and law enforcement and drug treatment.

But think about the potential if we have a national program with national regulations, national uniform taxation, and before those taxes get swallowed up in the federal budget for tax cuts for people who don't need it, or nuclear weapons, what if we segregated those resources and dedicated them to treatment, for anybody who needs it, and for being able to use some of that money for their healthcare and housing?

Because these are all linked together. People who are addicted and homeless, very hard for them to be on a pattern of being able to get treatment, to be able to get healthcare, and released into the wild without support, they run into more health problems in the future, and end up in our emergency rooms.

I truly think that we can have that conversation here, about how we use resources, what our priorities are, to be able to not spend money on failure. And I think of every addicted homeless or mentally ill person that is default a public safety problem, or in the judiciary, or in prison, spending money on failure.

If we're able to work together to think about how we invest in success, how we divert, how we're able to empower agencies and individuals to be able to stop wasting the trillion dollars war on drugs, the money in the corrections system, that is in excess of what we need to do, the unnecessary law enforcement activity that could be minimized or eliminated if we were able to help people up front, until they spiral out of control.

I really appreciate your willingness to be with us, to talk about this this evening. Shannon indicated that we'll be, after we hear from some of our experts here, that they'll have -- you'll have a chance to ask questions. I hope that you'll be free to make an observation, if you have comments, thoughts, suggestions. I'm interested in hearing that, and I think our other friends are as well.

Because this is as important a challenge as our community faces. You see it every day on the streets. We have terrible outcomes in terms of mental health in our community. We have challenges in the criminal justice system, and we're fighting in terms of getting health care to people before they spiral out of control.

So thank you for being here, I look forward to hearing from our panel, and then being able to hear your questions, comments, observations. Thank you very much.

DOUG MCVAY: That's Congressman Earl Blumenauer, opening a forum on ending the war on drugs. He was speaking in Portland, Oregon, Congressman Blumenauer organized that panel. One of the other panelists was Bobbin Singh, the executive director of the Oregon Justice Resource Center. We'll hear him in just a moment.

You are listening to Century of Lies. I'm your host Doug McVay. We're a production of the Drug Truth Network for the Pacifica Foundation Radio Network, on the web at

We'll get to Bobbin in just a moment. First, here's a brief interview I got with Congressman Blumenauer.

There are a lot of advocates around the country that are ready to push for things like, not just syringe exchange, but supervised injection sites. The Justice Department has already threatened that they're going to go after people who do, directly, up in Connecticut [sic: Vermont], in New York. What would you say to advocates who are saying, we don't care, come ahead.

CONGRESSMAN EARL BLUMENAUER: Well, in some instances, that might be a good strategy. There is overwhelming evidence that there are better approaches than the punitive, heavy-handed denial of an opportunity for safe injection, creates disease, it leads actually, to more likely to have overdoses, and these are solutions that have been tried here and in other parts of the world. We need to be open to that, and at some point, people standing up and at least calling the bluff of Sessions and the Trump administration probably has a role.

I mean, in a sense, that's what we're doing with the entire legalization of medical and adult use with marijuana, and so maybe pushing the envelope a little bit with safe injection might be reasonable.

DOUG MCVAY: Envelopes are made to be pushed. Again, Congressman, thank you so much.


DOUG MCVAY: Now, let's get to Bobbin Singh, executive director of the Oregon Justice Resource Center, speaking at the public forum on ending the war on drugs which was organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer.

BOBBIN SINGH: But as the Congressman mentioned, the war on drugs is actually a war on people, particularly the people that have been most brutalized by this war are communities of color, brown and black folks, poor people, people with mental health issues, so on and so forth.

So, to say that we have a war on drugs I think is incredibly inaccurate, and, you know, we need to start moving away from that language and calling it what it is, which is just really a war on people, and the human condition.

So, part of what I want to talk about is just, just sort of a global overview, or, you know, continue to build on what the Congressman has done in sort of setting the stage for this conversation.

And, you know, in thinking about terminology or framework, one of the things that I think that's really important for us is to change how we think about drug use, addiction, substance abuse, and begin to be more honest about it, be more open about it, be more accepting about it. We need to embrace complexity, embrace science, embrace compassion.

And, what that looks like is that we have to begin to reject what we've been doing in the past, which is a criminal justice strategy around drug use and addiction and substance abuse, and move towards a public health approach.

And this begins, for us, to have to think about what are our goals in society? What are we trying to achieve? From our organizational perspective and even my own personal perspective, my hope is always to try to create a safe and healthy community, try to ensure people are safe and healthy.

That should always be the goal of what we're trying to accomplish. When we use the criminal justice system, the intent of the criminal justice system is to punish. This is a power and control system, it's a system that uses both those dynamics to coerce behavior, to hold people accountable, and when it comes to drug use or substance abuse and addiction, this is just fundamentally a flawed approach. It does not work, as the Congressman said.

It's a failed approach, it's a failed war, in part because we're conducting a war, or using a strategy, for something that doesn't make -- a strategy that doesn't make any sense for the problem that we're facing.

War by definition is something you're trying to conquer, trying to dominate, trying to destroy, and so when we use this framing "war on drugs," war on these communities, that's what we're trying to do. We're trying to dominate, we're trying to control, we're trying to, you know, use power to effectively control these populations on the margins, or push them out of the way.

As Shannon was talking about, Michelle Alexander talks about how this evolution of how we control segments of our population through either segregation or mass incarceration, but this is just an iteration of that.

So, I think the first thing is, you know, just understanding what the problem is, and, you know, you'll hear from a medical professional to be able to frame this as a public health issue, but, the truth is, is most people that consume drugs aren't addicts. Right? There's a smaller percentage of people who actually consume drugs, or use drugs, that are actually addicts.

So what is driving drug use? When we have, you know, if we ask that question, one of the things we begin to discover is it's usually other underlying factors, like trauma, housing, unemployment, poverty. So once we begin to correct those factors, we can actually begin to correct some of these other factors.

But to think that we can sort of use the criminal justice system, arrest our way out of this, incarcerate out way out of it, and use that as a way to deter people from using drugs, is just completely nonsensical. It's inconsistent with all evidence, all research, all science.

So, for us to continue to put money or resources into a criminal justice strategy around drug use or substance abuse, or addiction, it's going to continue to be a failure, and it's going to continue to divert resources away, and the people that are paying the biggest prices are these communities of color, black and brown people, poor people, and it's not that they're paying the price, you know, just through incarceration, but as the Congressman said, there are people dying each day because of this.

People are dying because we're not asking the right questions, we're not actually addressing addiction or drug use in the right ways. I mean, a couple of examples here in Oregon in the past, I think, two years, there have been a couple of in-custody deaths. These are deaths that have occurred in jail, because people had, they've been regular users of heroin, and when they go into the jails, the jail staff actually does not have a detox program in place, so these individuals end up dying because of dehydration.

And so, it's this type of mentality or approach that's so destructive. And then the ripple effect, as was commented on, it's not only the individual but it's the families that end up also paying the price for this approach.

So, you know, the first thing, and it's hard to believe that in 2018, that we're still having this conversation about using science, embracing a public health model around what is a public health issue, but we are making some headway. I think marijuana legalization is helping the conversation, but it's also harming the conversation because, as Shannon was saying, as we move and end certain things, we have to remember how these things morph and how these power and control dynamics end up looking differently.

And what we see, again, with the marijuana legalization, is communities of color being left behind in that conversation, in the legal market, in that industry, and again, not actually benefiting from legalization in ways that, you know, you really hope. And we're not talking about the other drugs, or other substance abuse issues that are out there. There's methamphetamines, heroin, crack cocaine.

At the end of the day, it's going to be bringing use out into the public, decriminalizing or legalizing this, allowing medical oversight, purity tests, what have you. Safe injection sites. They're actually going to save people's lives, and that's the hard conversation, I think, as a a community that we have to have.

And, to be honest, you know, the last person I want to see interacting with anyone that's having drug issues is someone in uniform with a gun, and, I would assume that most police officers probably feel the same way, at least in my interactions with most law enforcement professionals.

So, it's really hydraulics that we have to begin to think about. How do we begin to ask our law enforcement and our prosecutors, our DAs and our judiciary, the legal system, to stop dealing with this problem, and how do we begin to create resources and infrastructure outside the criminal justice system to begin addressing this problem.

That's really where the problems with the challenges and the difficulties lie right now, is that there is, in Multnomah County, I think we have better examples of support services that are outside the criminal justice system, but once you begin to go to the more rural counties, that's just not the case.

And so, you know, when we are starting to ask, to end the war on drugs, we have to really begin to ask, and begin to push for, solutions that are outside the criminal justice system, and not just decriminalize or legalize drug use.

And so these are all the sort of attentions, or like, some of the things that I think we have to begin to think about, but, ultimately we have to begin to reframe what our goals are, and that's really the goal to keep people safe, keep people healthy, and not to punish people for what is essentially a health issue.

DOUG MCVAY: That was Bobbin Singh, Oregon Justice Resource Center, speaking at a public forum on ending the war on drugs that was organized by Congressman Earl Blumenauer and held in Portland, Oregon, on August First.

Thank you for joining us. You've been listening to Century of Lies. We're a production of the Drug Truth Network for the Pacifica Foundation Radio Network, on the web at I’m your host Doug McVay, editor of

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We'll be back next week with thirty more minutes of news and information about drug policy reform and the drug war. For now, for the Drug Truth Network, this is Doug McVay saying so long. So long!

For the Drug Truth Network, this is Doug McVay asking you to examine our policy of drug prohibition: the century of lies. Drug Truth Network programs archived at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy.